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The Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge is a protected wildlife refuge, administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, located 90 mi northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada, in southern Nye County. This 23,000-acre refuge is part of the larger Desert National Wildlife Refuge Complex, which also includes the Desert National Wildlife Refuge, the Moapa Valley National Wildlife Refuge, the Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge, and the Amargosa Pupfish Station.

The refuge was established to provide habitat for at least 26 indigenous plants and animals found nowhere else in the world. Four fish and one plant are currently listed as endangered. This concentration of indigenous life distinguishes Ash Meadows as having a greater concentration of endemic life than any other local area in the United States and the second greatest in all of North America.

Ash Meadows provides a valuable and unprecedented example of desert oases that are now extremely uncommon in the southwest United States. The refuge is a major discharge point for a vast underground water system stretching more than 100 mi to the northeast. Water-bearing strata come to the surface in more than 30 seeps and springs, providing a rich, complex variety of habitats. North and west are the remnants of Carson Slough, which was drained and mined for its peat in the 1960s. Sand dunes appear in the western and southern parts of the refuge. Numerous stream channels and wetlands are scattered throughout the refuge. Virtually all of the water at Ash Meadows is "fossil" water, believed to have entered the ground water system thousands of years ago.


Point of Rocks Springs

King's Pool at Point of Rocks Springs

King's Pool at Point of Rocks Springs

King's Pool - Pupfish [top blue pupfish is the male, and bottom pupfish is the female]

King's Pool - Male [larger blue] and female pupfish

King's Pool - Two males and a smaller female pupfish

King's Pool - Male [bottom] and female [upper left] pupfish

King's Pool - Large male pupfish


Point of Rocks Springs

These three depressions in the rocks are where Native Americans ground Mesquite Beans

The boardwalk around Point of Rocks Springs

Devil's Hole. Administered by Death Valley National Park, it contains the Devil's Hole Pupfish. They're estimated to have been isolated here for 10,000 to 20,000 years. The Devil's Hole Pupfish is listed as an endangered species.

To view a short PBS YouTube video on Devil's Hole and the Devil's Hole Pupfish [Click Here]


Devil's Hole - This pool is several hundred feet deep and is fenced off from the public.

Crystal Reservoir

Restored Longstreet Cabin, a historic stone structure built by one of the legendary gunslingers of the early West. Jack Longstreet settled in Ash Meadows from 1894 to 1899.

Longstreet Spring

Longstreet Spring, as seen through window of the Longstreet cabin

Rogers Spring. This pool contained some pupfish as well as some huge tadpoles.

Peterson Reservoir

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